Maple wood is incredibly strong, looks great, and stains nicely. “hard” maple, the concept of wood hardness here in south america is so different, quebracho wood is tree+ times harder than this “hard” maple. I have a Maple Burl flute made by Brent Haines of Woodsounds. The heartwood … FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Maple Wood The American species of maple are divided into two groups: Hard maple, which includes sugar and black maple; and soft maple, which includes red and silver maple. Grain/Texture: Grain is generally straight, but may be wavy. The small beetle bores a network of tunnels and short galleries called cradles. Cherokee Wood Products provides a comparison to help you choose the best wood choice for your project. Surface energy characteristics of maple wood particles coated with polystyrene- acrylic acid (PSAA) block copolymer Magnus Wålinder 1 and Douglas J. Gardner 2 1 SP Trätek/EcoBuild, Stockholm, Sweden, KTH, Building displayed as pounds of force or as a number followed by the word “Janka.”. Identification: See the article on Hardwood Anatomy for definitions of endgrain features. Natural resistance to decay and insects makes some types of wood especially well suited for use in patio furniture and other outdoor structures. Pale yellow (tan) to reddish brown in color. Sapele Wood has many characteristics that resemble Mahogany, most notably in the color of its heartwood ( golden to dark reddish brown, darkens with age if not treated with finishing oils that will prevent oxidation),grain patterns. You can down there. withstand force, scratches, or dents. All the soft maple … Natural resistance to decay and insects makes some types of wood especially well suited for use in patio furniture and other outdoor structures. Hard Maple, Soft Maple, White Oak & Red Oak Lumber. Characteristics of Hard Maple Origin of Wood Type Eastern North America Botanical Name Acer saccharum Specific Gravity 0.72 Avg. Eco-Friendliness: Is the wood sustainably-sourced. Listed below you will find a photograph, common characteristics, and common uses of the most popular lumber varieties that we stock. to care for each one. These trees germinate best in cold weather that's at least 1°C (34°F). Wood has many other interesting characteristics. Leaves: Maple tree leaves are shaped similarly to a hand. “Hard maple,” on the other hand, refers to lumber that comes from the species acer sacharrum and is Skilled use of this tool means you can scrape once and begin to refinish, compared to sanding where you’d have to use a… Read more ». It tends to be a white hue with pitch fleck and mineral streaks adding some On the Janka hardness scale, which ranks wood density, hard maple ranks 1,450.Yellow birch ranks 1,260. Sapwood color ranges from nearly white, to an off-white cream color, sometimes with a reddish or golden hue. Janka Values of North American Hardwoods. Maple wood has a fine, uniform texture with generally straight grain, but variations such as birdseye, tiger, flame, curly, wavy, rippled or fiddleback grain occur and are often selected for specialty custom artisan furniture. Box elder —Distinct from other maple leaves, box elder is sometimes called “ash-leaved maple,” since its leaves look closer to ash than … patch work that accompany each tunnel and adjacent wood. Open-grain woods (oak, hickory) tend to show more than fine-grained species (maple… Forest. Has a fine, even texture. The wood of maples is often divided into two classes-hard maple and soft maple. Sapwood color ranges from nearly white, to an off-white cream color, sometimes with a reddish or golden hue. options, such as mahogany or cherry. Alongside maple, mahogany is a classic ingredient in both slab and multi-wood (or laminated) bodies, and is a common neck wood, too. Characteristics include burled grain, pin knots, and caramelizing. Rustic maple may include any one, or combination of, the following characteristics: Knots Burled grain Dramatic color contrast Carmelizing Mineral streaks Wane As with any rustic wood, these characteristics occur naturally, and no Maple wood is an amazing option in terms of eco-friendliness. Janka. They make baseball bats out of it. The wood used for furniture available through Vermont Woods Studios is usually from the sugar maple tree, unless otherwise specified. Arrangement: solitary and radial multiples, Vessels: small to medium; moderately numerous to numerous, Rays: both narrow and wide; normal spacing. Lookalikes/Substitutes: Sometimes confused with species of soft maple, hard maple can sometimes be differentiated on the basis of weight, where hard maple is markedly heavier than some lighter species such as silver maple (Acer saccharinum). In theory, you could put maple wood furniture outdoors if it’s properly sealed and maintained on at least an annual basis. You could also try wood burning for effect. Characteristics of Maple Wood Maple kitchen cabinets usually have a smooth grain and a non-porous surface making them a great option for a variety of finishes and paints. This grade may contain all defects common to maple, but the wood must be firm and serviceable. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Sugar maple trees grow abundantly in Vermont and throughout the Northern US and Canada and are also the source of maple sap, the sole ingredient in pure maple syrup. I also need to refinish a dining room table fairly soon. Looks pretty expensive off the bat but it only takes one coat and has a great spread rate. would likely deter most from trying. A favourite wood of furniture makers since Colonial times, maple is known for its strength and beauty. Maple is often used as an ingredient in a multi-wood body, where it is generally partnered with a second, lighter wood. Sugar maple will produce 24.0 million BTU's per cord. Flame maple (tiger maple), also known as flamed maple, curly maple, ripple maple, fiddleback or tiger stripe, is a feature of maple in which the growth of the wood fibers is distorted in an undulating chatoyant pattern, producing wavy lines known as "flames". Rot Resistance: Rated as non-durable to perishable, and susceptible to insect attack. Soft maple is very similar to hard maple in most respects. Hi Ned, I’ve worked with a hardwax oil that is VOC-free, only takes 1 coat, has tons of colors, and only cures/dries to wood fibers. Maple trees grow in sandy or clayey soil … Although called “soft maple,” it’s really only about 25% softer than Wood Characteristics Lewis Lumber Products carries a variety of Hardwood and Softwood species, and many types of Exotics. Woodworkers and furniture aficionados gravitate towards maple for its light, creamy color, smooth grain pattern, and impressive durability. Different types of furniture, baseball bats, bowling pins and butcher’s blocks are often made of maple … It is time to refinish the table top. Birch and maple are domestic hardwoods with similar characteristics and appearances, but they do have variations. Hard Maple is very strong in tension and will bend and bow with ease without breaking. Unfortunately for lovers of maple wood, that natural resistance isn't a characteristic of maple, a hardwood that is otherwise an excellent choice for furniture construction. There are many different species of maple trees. Open-grain woods (oak, hickory) tend to show more than fine-grained species (maple, cherry). Hi Jean, I don’t know if you’ll read this response, but just in case… I am a guitar builder and have refinished guitar tops before. This is followed by red oak at 1,290 Janka, The durability of wood is usually measured using the Janka Test. It’s easy to spot repair too which is really nice. The heartwood tends to be a darker reddish brown. Hard Maple wood, which is also referred to as Sugar Maple, Rock Maple and White Maple Wood, comes from the Northeast and Midwest regions of the U.S. More maple would have to be cut and used to get the same … It tops most other hardwood types that are popular with furniture makers. For the average homeowner, the differences may not be significant, but when you consider cost, the variance may add up. We believe that where your furniture comes from, and how it's made are just as important as style, functionality and beauty. Because maple wood has such tightly knit grain, it doesn’t absorb oil finishes as well as other furniture hardwoods. Maple wood is a medium-hard to hard wood. Spalted maple wood is very decorative as it often looks like a pen and ink drawing through the wood. A fine-grained hardwood similar to Cherry, Birch, and Maple. We also carry Bush Oil and Penofin. We support Vermont Generally, the sapwood is greyish-white, sometimes with darker-colored pith flecks. A softwood, on the other hand, comes from a gymnosperm tree, such as a conifer. Character Wood from Thelumbershack.com offers a Large Selection of Figured Black Walnut Lumber, Spalted Maple Slabs, Live Edge Furniture and Bookmatched Dining Table Tops. Hard maple includes sugar maple and black maple. There are many varieties of soft maple wood, though the most common are the striped maple, silver maple, red maple, bigleaf maple, and box elder. We have many wood species to choose from, each having various densities, colors and grain patterns. Shrinkage: Radial: 4.8%, Tangential: 9.9%. In fact, it’s the official state tree and is native to the Green Mountain These products can be used on a variety of our wood … Virtually all hardwoods change color as the years go by. All Maple trees drop their leaves in the winter. Maple wood is often graded based on physical and aesthetic characteristics. Again, that means it takes 700 or more pounds of force to embed something the size of a BB in the wood, so it’s still quite durable. Includes results available with selected plan: Includes results available with selected plans: Includes results not available with your plan. Rustic maple may include any one, or combination of, the following characteristics: Knots; Burled grain; Dramatic color contrast; Carmelizing; Mineral streaks; Wane; As with any rustic wood, these characteristics occur naturally, and no two pieces are alike. Finding high-quality maple wood furniture isn’t always easy, simply because some manufacturers cut corners and/or don’t use natural solid wood. Sugar Maple is perfect wood for your staff. > Hardwoods > Sapindaceae > Acer > saccharum, Common Name(s): Hard maple, sugar maple, rock maple, Average Dried Weight: 44.0 lbs/ft3 (705 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .56, .71, Modulus of Rupture: 15,800 lbf/in2(109.0 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,830,000 lbf/in2(12.62 GPa), Crushing Strength: 7,830 lbf/in2 (54.0 MPa). Both hard maple and soft maple are harvested from dicot trees, so both types are technically hardwoods. Not only is our furniture made locally here in Vermont by expert craftsmen, but it comes with a lifetime guarantee and is typically Maple has a tendency to burn when being machined with high-speed cutters such as in a router. Because of its durability and strength, maple can be found used as flooring in bowling alleys and for bowling pins. Its wood is stronger, stiffer, harder, and denser than all of the other species of maple commercially available in lumber form. (A special thanks to Steve Earis for providing the wood sample (burl) of this wood species.). fascinating design of its grain pattern that manages tocreate an interesting illusion of a three-dimensional pattern in which it appears that the grain is curling along the length of the entire board toward the east coast. This involves pressing a steel ball into a block of wood and measuring the amount of force required for the ball to become embedded halfway. made-to-order, so you can customize to your heart’s content. That means Characteristics of Various Hardwoods Woodworkers choose a type of hardwood based on the wood's characteristics … Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). purchase wood samples on product pages. Images: Drag the slider up/down to toggle between raw and finished wood. Also, hard maple has a greater diversity of ray widths when looking at the endgrain (ranging from narrow to wide rays), while most other maples native to North America have more uniform medium-width rays. Light-colored wood, such as maple, will naturally darken due to exposure to UV light and oxygen. Not merely cut. Allergies/Toxicity: Hard maple, along with other maples in the Acer genus have been reported to cause skin irritation, runny nose, and asthma-like respiratory effects. I purchased a hard rock maple dining room talbe about 20 years ago. But maple … craftspeople, American economies, and preserving wildlife habitat. Color/Appearance: Unlike most other hardwoods, the sapwood of hard maple lumber is most commonly used rather than its heartwood. Woodworkers and furniture aficionados gravitate towards maple for its light, creamy color, smooth grain pattern, and impressive durability. Learn more about our wood types on our wood page, or use the links below to read about specific types: Vermont Woods Studios provides hand-crafted wood furniture built from trees grown sustainably in North America. The heartwood varies from light-to-dark reddish brown. Mineral Streaks. If you’re shopping for maple wood furniture, look for the following: The care guidelines for maple wood furniture are mostly dependent on the type of finish used to seal the wood. MFMA-RL Utility Grade Northern Hard Maple will not admit voids on edges or ends, or knot holes over 3/8" in The variance is what makes rustic wood … 5. It’s unique color, smooth grain, and strength make maple a popular choice among woodworkers of all types. 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